Background pol pot was born on may 19, 1928, in the fishing village of prek sbauk, kampong thom province, which is now part of present day cambodia. Pol pot (uk: / p ɒ l p ɒ t /, us: / p oʊ l / khmer: ប៉ុល ពត born saloth sar 19 may 1925 – 15 april 1998) was a cambodian communist revolutionary and politician who served as the general secretary of the communist party of kampuchea from 1963 to 1981. Omar havana/getty images a young cambodian woman looks at the main stupa in choeung ek killing fields, which is filled with thousands of skulls of those killed during the reign of pol pot’s khmer rouge regime. Pol pot, born in cambodia as solath sar, spent time in france and became a member of the french communist party upon returning to cambodia in 1953, he joined a clandestine communist movement and began his rise up the ranks to become one of the world’s most infamous dictators.
Pol pot and the khmer rouge aimed to bring cambodia back to its mythic past of the powerful khmer empire, to stop corrupting influences like foreign aid and western culture, and to restore the country to an agrarian society attempts to implement these goals were key factors in the ensuing genocide. For nearly 19 years, after the khmer rouge were driven from power by a vietnamese invasion, pol pot remained in command of a guerrilla insurgency in the jungles of western and northern cambodia. The cambodian people's party, which has ruled since pol pot was overthrown, is led by onetime khmer rouge members who, under threat of purging, had defected to vietnam. Radicalized during a time of anti-imperialism and communist ideology, pol pot (born saloth sar) and many other founders of the khmer rouge (officially the communist party of kampuchea) were well.
The man who would later be known as pol pot was born as saloth sar on may 19, 1928, in the fishing village of prek sbauk, kampong thom province, in what was then french indochina (now cambodia)his family, of chinese-khmer descent, was considered moderately well-to-do. Synopsis pol pot was born saloth sar on may 19, 1925, in kompong thom province, cambodia he rose to power as leader of the khmer rouge, cambodia’s communist regime, which took control of the. The pol pot rule of cambodia the worst blow fell in 1975, when the khmer rouge (red khmer) guerrillas under the leadership of pol pot overthrew the khmer republic and established democratic kampuchea. Under the marxist leader pol pot, the khmer rouge tried to take cambodia back to the middle ages, forcing millions of people from the cities to work on communal farms in the countryside.
During the khmer rouge's nascent days, the movement's leader, pol pot, had grown to admire the way the tribes on the outskirts of cambodia's jungles lived, free of buddhism, money or education, and now he wanted to foist the same philosophy on the entire nation. Pol pot the name is synonymous with horror even in the blood-drenched annals of twentieth-century history, pol pot's khmer rouge regime in cambodia stands out for the sheer scale and senselessness of its atrocities in the name of creating an agrarian communist revolution, pol pot and his. Nuon chea, who was deputy to leader pol pot, is pictured at the extraordinary chambers in the courts of cambodia on 22 november 2011 getty nearly a quarter of the population — about 17 million. Phnom penh, cambodia — pol pot, the scourge of cambodia, is dead, but this troubled nation must live with his legacy of political violence and disregard for human suffering some cambodians fear.
Pol pot remains secretary-general of the secretive communist party of kampuchea, and nuon chea is deputy secretary 1977 a second wave of bloody purges convulses cambodia, centrally directed by pol pot group which attempts to eliminate all dissident communists and other moderates and recalcitrants. Introduction much of what has been written about pol pot since his time in power has been intemperate, reflecting the prevailing human reactions towards the brutal dictator rule responsible for the killing of close to one million cambodians in the years 1976-1979. Pol pot fled ahead of the onslaught and phnom penh was placed under vietnamese control in a little over a week those that survived the khmer rouge regime initially greeted the vietnamese as. Pol pot was obsessed with returning the khmer empire to glory he felt that the colonial powers had abused the cambodian people for far too long in his vision of a future cambodia, pol pot sought to remove western influences from the country and by returning to the agrarian ways of their ancestors.
The vast ‘secret’ military airfield at kampong chhnang in central cambodia, built with slave labor by pol pot’s forces, may become a key element in the khmer rouge tribunal, should the chiefs of the late tyrant’s air force and navy be tried — over the opposition to such a process by cambodia’s strongman, prime minister hun sen. Perhaps its most extreme political form was during the 1970s in cambodia under the rule of pol pot and the khmer rouge, when people were killed for being academics or even for merely wearing eyeglasses (as it suggested literacy) in the killing fields. Enemy of monarchy: pol pot the man known to history as pol pot was born saloth sar in or around 1928 to a relatively prosperous middle class family as a boy his family sent him to high school in phnom penh where his cousin was a dancer at the royal ballet.
Pol pot was born in 1925, in central cambodia at age 20 he went to paris on a schlorship to study radio electronics, but became absorbed in marxism and neglected his studies in 1962 he became the leader of the cambodian communist party, khmer rouge (meaning red cambodians. The khmer rouge period (1975–1979) refers to the rule of pol pot, nuon chea, ieng sary, son sen, khieu samphan and the communist party of kampuchea over cambodia, which the khmer rouge renamed democratic kampuchea.
Pol pot, who created in cambodia one of the 20th century's most brutal and radical regimes, died on wednesday of heart failure, according to his cambodian jailers. Suddenly, pol pot became the number one problem facing cambodia, not food hanoi's turnaround just as the united states began championing aid for famine victims, hanoi changed it policy. As you may have known, an estimate of 18 million people living in cambodia were killed during the 1975-1979 cruel rule of pol pot's ultra-communist khmer rouge, from torture, execution, disease and starvation after harvests failed. During the four years of khmer rouge rule between 12 and 22 million cambodians and foreigners died – either at the hands of pol pot’s murder squads or from malnutrition, starvation and disease in the collective farms.